Subject History

subject = History title = Russian-Japanese War Russian-Japanese War Russian-Japanese War 20th Century History The Russian-Japanese war of 1904 was a European conflict that was fought because one country was becoming too strong. The conflict was mainly fought because two separate countries had their own special interests in far east countries like Korea, China, and Manchuria. Britain and Japan recognized the independance of China and Korea, but at the same time authorized each other to intervene in either territory if their own”special interests” were threatened by another power or by internal disorder. That power was now Russia. There was already a rivalry going on between Britain and Russia because of the Trans-Siberian railway but now there was another dimension. Russia now had access to the pacific. Her presence in Asia threatened already established Britain interests.

China leased the ice-free Port Arthur to Russia and allowed them to store their war ships there. The two empires were set on a collision course. Britain was very reluctant to commit herself to a distant threat of war so she took a step to allying herself with the growing industrial power of Japan. In doing so, Britain found her soldiers in the east. At this time Russia failed to realize how powerful Britain and Japan had made themselves.

Russia was unable to take Japan seriously even though they had many reports on how large the Japanese naval and military forces were. Unfortunately, Russia’s constant penetration into Korea and Manchuria continued unabated despite the presence of numbers of Japanese immagrants and traders. Russia had succeeded in replacing the now defunct Chinese influence with her own. Russia now began taking over the administrative departments and had their officers train the Korean army to fight on their side. In April, May, and June of 1903, Russian’s had told the Japanese that they would move out of China.

They did not and continued to occupy the land. In July of the that same year, the Japanese Ambassador proposed that Russia and Japan were to recognize the independance of China and Korea. Both nations were to rcognize preponderance, the Japanese in Korea balanced by russians in Manchuria. They were to recall their troops from their respective area as soon as possible. In return, the Russians would protect the railways in Manchuria and the Japanese would do the same in Korea. It came to the attention of the Japanese that the Russians were building up their naval and military forces in the far east.

They were also moving troops not only into Manchuria, but also into North Korea. It now became obvious to the Japnese that the Russians had no intention of releasing their hold on Manchuria and Korea. Nevertheless, the negotiations went on. On February 10th, 1904, both nations produced formal declarations of war. On February 8th, a large part of the Russian Pacific squadron lat anchor in the roadstead of Port Arthur. The ships were arranged in three lines running east and west.

The innermost consisting of five battleships: the flagship, the petroulouk, the sebastopol, peresuept, pobieda, and pollada. The middle line was headed by two more battleships which were the tsarevich and the retvizan. They were followed by three crusiers and the outline of three more. Meanwhile, off Round Island about 60 miles east of Port Arthur, the Japanese fleet was making its disposition under Admiral Togo. He was in command of the combined fleet which had left Japan two days before they had broken off negotiations. Around 11:00pm the Shiralaimo, the leading Japanese destroyer, came within sight of the two patrolling Russian destroyers, the Pastoropin and the Bezstrashini. To the surprise of the Japanese, the two ships turned around and headed back to Port Arthur so the captains could report to the Russian Admiral Stark.

At this time there was no fighting going on at all. However, as the ships turned to go and make their report, the Japanese began to fire at the same time that the two Russian destroyers were making their report. The Pollada was the first Russian ship to go down, they were hit mid ship and one of the coal tankers caught on fire. The Retvizan was the next with a 200 square foot hole in her port side. The Tsarevich was hit on her stern.

Unfortunately, her bulkheads shattered and the steering compartment flooded. All three ships tried to make it to shallow water. The Pollada grounded near a light house on the west side of the harbor, and the Retvizan and the Tsarevich came to grief in the narrow gullet of the harbor, almost blocking it. Admiral Togo of Japan, saw this and sent five merchant ships around with bombs to blow up the rest of the ships in attempt to block the harbor. This attempt was unfortunately unsuccessful because Russian ships began to open fire and destroyed the Japanese merchant ships. On the morning of february 25th, admiral Togo tried yet another approach through indirect bombardment of the harbor and its installations in the hope of damaging more ships. He found that as long as the Russian fleet remained in the harbor under the protection of the shore batteries, it would be impossible for the Japnese to destroy them.

Japan had won many battles in this war. None of them were as important as the one they had fought in the harbor of Port Arthur (the second battle). Port Arthur was a big turning point for them because almost a year later a weak Russian Navy decided to give up in January of 1905. Russian rule of Port Arthur had fallen, and for the Russians, they had the advantage of having Port Arthur, so when they lost it, they pretty much lost the war. By this time, they had already lost many men and also many ships. The Japanese combined with Britain were victorious and the countries that were held under Russian rule were eventually left by the Russians to rule for themselves.

The British and Japanese interests in the three countries in which the war was fought over, were now protected. Russian-Japanese War 20th Century History The Russian-Japanese war of 1904 was a European conflict that was fought because one country was becoming too strong. The conflict was mainly fought because two separate countries had their own special interests in far east countries like Korea, China, and Manchuria. Britain and Japan recognized the independance of China and Korea, but at the same time authorized each other to intervene in either territory if their own”special interests” were threatened by another power or by internal disorder. That power was now Russia. There was already a rivalry going on between Britain and Russia because of the Trans-Siberian railway but now there was another dimension.

Russia now had access to the pacific. Her presence in Asia threatened already established Britain interests. China leased the ice-free Port Arthur to Russia and allowed them to store their war ships there. The two empires were set on a collision course. Britain was very reluctant to commit herself to a distant threat of war so she took a step to allying herself with the growing industrial power of Japan. In doing so, Britain found her soldiers in the east.

At this time Russia failed to realize how powerful Britain and Japan had made themselves. Russia was unable to take Japan seriously even though they had many reports on how large the Japanese naval and military forces were. Unfortunately, Russia’s constant penetration into Korea and Manchuria continued unabated despite the presence of numbers of Japanese immagrants and traders. Russia had succeeded in replacing the now defunct Chinese influence with her own. Russia now began taking over the administrative departments and had their officers train the Korean army to fight on their side.

In April, May, and June of 1903, Russian’s had told the Japanese that they would move out of China. They did not and continued to occupy the land. In July of the that same year, the Japanese Ambassador proposed that Russia and Japan were to recognize the independance of China and Korea. Both nations were to rcognize preponderance, the Japanese in Korea balanced by russians in Manchuria. They were to recall their troops from their respective area as soon as possible. In return, the Russians would protect the railways in Manchuria and the Japanese would do the same in Korea.

It came to the attention of the Japanese that the Russians were building up their naval and military forces in the far east. They were also moving troops not only into Manchuria, but also into North Korea. It now became obvious to the Japnese that the Russians had no intention of releasing their hold on Manchuria and Korea. Nevertheless, the negotiations went on. On February 10th, 1904, both nations produced formal declarations of war. On February 8th, a large part of the Russian Pacific squadron lat anchor in the roadstead of Port Arthur.

The ships were arranged in three lines running east and west. The innermost consisting of five battleships: the flagship, the petroulouk, the sebastopol, peresuept, pobieda, and pollada. The middle line was headed by two more battleships which were the tsarevich and the retvizan. They were followed by three crusiers and the outline of three more. Meanwhile, off Round Island about 60 miles east of Port Arthur, the Japanese fleet was making its disposition under Admiral Togo. He was in command of the combined fleet which had left Japan two days before they had broken off negotiations. Around 11:00pm the Shiralaimo, the leading Japanese destroyer, came within sight of the two patrolling Russian destroyers, the Pastoropin and the Bezstrashini.

To the surprise of the Japanese, the two ships turned around and headed back to Port Arthur so the captains could report to the Russian Admiral Stark. At this time there was no fighting going on at all. However, as the ships turned to go and make their report, the Japanese began to fire at the same time that the two Russian destroyers were making their report. The Pollada was the first Russian ship to go down, they were hit mid ship and one of the coal tankers caught on fire. The Retvizan was the next with a 200 square foot hole in her port side.

The Tsarevich was hit on her stern. Unfortunately, her bulkheads shattered an.